Carver, Terrell and Chiba, Shin and Matsumoto, Reiji and Martin, James and Jessop, Bob and Iida, Fumio and Sugita, Atsushi (2000) 'Civil society' in Japanese politics:implications for contemporary political research. European Journal of Political Research, 37 (4). pp. 541-555. ISSN 0304-4130Full text not available from this repository.
This article presents a definitional and historicalsummary of `civil society' as a western concept, andthen traces how it was used in Japanese politicaltheory and practice. `Civil society' discourse becamea familiar term amongst post-war Japanese historiansand social scientists in the period 1945–1970, andthus preceded the recent international proliferationof `civil society' literature in the `west' from the1970s onwards. `Civil society' discourse waspoliticised in practice in Japan in the 1950s and1960s, principally in opposition movements wanting toencourage political participation by ordinarycitizens. While some `civil society' discourse inJapan was based on an idealisation of `western' ideasand practice, it is also the case that theindividualism and democratisation implied in `civilsociety' discourse has been very differently understood in `western' countries and very unevenlyinstituted in their political practice. A simpleEast–West frame makes significant similaritiesbetween Japanese ideas and practice and `western'concepts and politics disappear, and additionallycauses significant differences within the `west'regarding individualism and democratisation to becomeinvisible.
|Journal or Publication Title:||European Journal of Political Research|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HM Sociology|
|Departments:||Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Sociology|
Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences
|Deposited By:||Mrs Yaling Zhang|
|Deposited On:||24 Oct 2008 13:50|
|Last Modified:||31 May 2013 11:59|
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