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Performance demands in the selection of objects for counting.

Towse, J. N. and Hitch, G. J. (1996) Performance demands in the selection of objects for counting. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 61 (1). pp. 67-79. ISSN 0022-0965

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Abstract

This paper considers the visual processes in object counting among children. Experiment 1 presented identical objects to 7- and 8-year-old children and found that spatially random configurations were counted more quickly than linear arrays, illustrating the difficulty of isolating objects grouped together in rows. However, the younger children were more prone to miscounting these random arrays than rows. The study also established a spatial proximity effect, with a dense arrangement of items being difficult to count. Experiment 2 revealed that this proximity effect can be removed by differentiating objects by color, providing further evidence that object counting involves overcoming Gestalt grouping forces and arguing against fine-motor control as a limiting factor in counting.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 19007
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 05 Nov 2008 14:48
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:24
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/19007

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