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Suppression of the optokinetic reflex in human infants: implications for stable fixation and shifts of attention.

Aslin, R. N. and Johnson, S. P. (1996) Suppression of the optokinetic reflex in human infants: implications for stable fixation and shifts of attention. Infant Behavior and Development, 19 (2). pp. 233-240.

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Abstract

The ability of 1-, 2-, and 4-month-old infants to attend to a small, stationary visual target while a large background texture moved horizontally was assessed using electrooculography. The background texture, consisting of a randomly arranged field of dots or a set of vertically oriented stripes, was effective at all ages in eliciting the optokinetic reflex (OKR), which stabilizes gaze on a moving display. When the target, consisting of a red bar, was added to the center of the moving background display, it was effective in suppressing the OKR, except in 1-month-olds. Under monocular viewing conditions, background motion in the nasal-temporal direction was ineffective in eliciting robust OKR in 1- and 2-month-olds. These same infants presented with temporal-nasal background motion showed robust OKR equal to their OKR under binocular viewing conditions. However, the 2-month-olds showed OKR suppression only half as often as they did under binocular viewing conditions, and the 1-month-olds did not show OKR suppression. The 4-month-olds showed no nasal-temporal OKR asymmetry under monocular viewing conditions, and, like the 2-month-olds, OKR suppression was present about half as often as under binocular viewing conditions.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Infant Behavior and Development
Uncontrolled Keywords: infant ; visual fixation ; optokinetic reflex ; visual attention ; nasal-temporal asymmetry
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Computing & Communications
ID Code: 18985
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 06 Nov 2008 14:41
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:24
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/18985

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