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Remembering, familiarity and source monitoring.

Conway, M. A. and Dewhurst, S. A. (1995) Remembering, familiarity and source monitoring. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Series a Human Experimental Psychology, 48 (1). pp. 125-140. ISSN 0272-4987

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Abstract

Two experiments investigated recollective experience in a source monitoring task. Subjects saw an array of objects and performed, watched, or imagined actions involving pairs of objects. In a subsequent recognition test, subjects indicated whether their recognition judgements were made on the basis of conscious recollective experience (“remember” responses), or on some other basis such as familiarity (“know” responses). The proportions of correct “remember” responses for both objects and actions decreased from performed, through watched, to imagined actions, whereas the proportions of correct “know” responses were uninfluenced by the source of the memories. In addition, the relationship between recollective experience and accuracy of source judgement varied across sources. Source accuracy for performed actions was obtained only in “remember” responses, whereas source accuracy for imagined actions was obtained only in “know” responses. Source accuracy for watched actions was obtained in both “remember” and “know” responses. The findings suggest that the types of memory attributes available at retrieval determine the quality of subsequent memory experience, and it is proposed that memories with strongly self-referential attributes (arising from performed actions) powerfully cue recollective experience during retrieval.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Series a Human Experimental Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 18975
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 07 Nov 2008 09:10
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 20:23
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/18975

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