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An instrument to measure independent walking::are there differences between pre-term and full-term infants?

De Groot, L. and De Groot, C. and Hopkins, Brian (1997) An instrument to measure independent walking::are there differences between pre-term and full-term infants? Journal of Child Neurology, 12 (1). pp. 37-41.

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Abstract

In clinical practice walking independently has always been considered a major milestone in development. Nevertheless, little attention has been paid to the quality of movement expressed in the first attempts at walking free. Even when children achieve walking within a normal time range, some of them show features that are deviant. Early walking is difficult to judge, but at the same time may provide a sensitive means for detecting possible developmental impairments. The main aim of this paper is to provide a standardized clinical instrument for the qualitative assessment of early walking in a structured free field situation and to compare preterm and fullterm infants. All subjects were assessed 14 days after being able to walk 5 meters independently. The study group consisted of 52 children, of whom 33 were born prematurely (further distinguished in terms of being small- or appropriate-for-gestational age), and 19 were born fullterm. Judgments of walking performance were made in terms of optimal, near-optimal, near-poor, or poor. After correction for age, the preterm group was still later in the onset of walking, but more importantly, showed a qualitatively different pattern of locomotion. Those who were the youngest and small-for-gestational age were overrepresented in the near-poor and poor categories of walking. (J Child Neurol 1997;12:37-41).

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Child Neurology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 18953
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 07 Nov 2008 13:25
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2014 10:31
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/18953

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