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Dissociating the effects of word frequency and age of acquisition in recognition and recall.

Dewhurst, Stephen A. and Hitch, J. Graham and Barry, Christopher (1998) Dissociating the effects of word frequency and age of acquisition in recognition and recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 24 (2). pp. 284-298. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Three experiments investigated word frequency and age of acquisition (AoA) effects in recognition and recall. Experiments 1 and 2 used the "remember-know" procedure developed by J. M. Gardiner (1988). In Experiment 1, recognition performance was higher for low-frequency words than for high-frequency words and higher for late-acquired words than for early-acquired words, but only in "remember" responses. Experiment 2 replicated the AoA effect by using a different set of early- and late-acquired words. Experiment 3 found advantages for low-frequency and late-acquired words in recall, but only when words were presented in mixed lists. The frequency effect was reversed, and the AoA effect was eliminated, when participants studied pure lists. Findings were attributed to the more distinctive encoding of low-frequency and late-acquired words.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 18923
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 06 Nov 2008 11:54
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:23
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/18923

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