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The self and recollection reconsidered: how a ‘failure to replicate’ failed and why trace strength accounts of recollection are untenable.

Conway, Martin and Dewhurst, Stephen A. and Pearson, Neil and Sapute, Ajay (2001) The self and recollection reconsidered: how a ‘failure to replicate’ failed and why trace strength accounts of recollection are untenable. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 15 (6). pp. 673-686. ISSN 0888-4080

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Abstract

Hirshman and Lanning ([1999]) failed to replicate findings reported by Conway and Dewhurst ([1995]). There were, however, critical differences in design between the two sets of experiments. For example, Hirshman and Lanning used a within-subject design and a short retention interval, whereas Conway and Dewhurst used a between-subjects design and longer retention intervals. We demonstrate in a new series of experiments that the Conway and Dewhurst findings do replicate when the correct design is used and, moreover, we show that the design differences in Hirshman and Lanning's experiments account for their findings. Finally, we develop an account in terms of the self that can explain the complex pattern of findings, a pattern which lies beyound the scope of simple trace strength models of memory.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Applied Cognitive Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 18812
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 04 Nov 2008 11:17
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:22
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/18812

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