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Impact of composting strategies on the treatment of soils contaminated with organic pollutants.

Semple, Kirk T. and Reid, Brian J. and Fermor, T. R. (2001) Impact of composting strategies on the treatment of soils contaminated with organic pollutants. Environmental Pollution, 112 (2). pp. 269-283. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract

Chemical pollution of the environment has become a major source of concern. Studies on degradation of organic compounds have shown that some microorganisms are extremely versatile at catabolizing recalcitrant molecules. By harnessing this catabolic potential, it is possible to bioremediate some chemically contaminated environmental systems. Composting matrices and composts are rich sources of xenobiotic-degrading microorganisms including bacteria, actinomycetes and lignolytic fungi, which can degrade pollutants to innocuous compounds such as carbon dioxide and water. These microorganisms can also biotransform pollutants into less toxic substances and/or lock up pollutants within the organic matrix, thereby reducing pollutant bioavailability. The success or failure of a composting/compost remediation strategy depends however on a number of factors, the most important of which are pollutant bioavailability and biodegradability. This review discusses the interactions of pollutants with soils; look critically at the clean up of soils contaminated with a variety of pollutants using various composting strategies and assess the feasibility of using composting technologies to bioremediate contaminated soil. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Pollution
Uncontrolled Keywords: contamination ; composting ; compost ; bioremediation ; bioavailability
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 18580
Deposited By: Prof Kirk T. Semple
Deposited On: 24 Oct 2008 18:13
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:19
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/18580

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