Gevao, Bondi and Jones, Kevin C. and Semple, Kirk T. (2005) Formation and release of non-extractable C-14-Dicamba residues in soil under sterile and non-sterile regimes. Environmental Pollution, 133 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0269-7491Full text not available from this repository.
The role of native soil microorganisms in the formation and release of non-extractable C-14-residues, previously treated with C-14- Dicamba, was investigated to examine their significance to the longer-term environmental effects on non-extractable pesticide residues. A 90 d study compared the fate of Dicamba under sterile and non-sterile regimes. In addition, soils were aged for 30 d and repeatedly extracted with a 0.01 M CaCl2 Solution, to an extraction end point, to produce non-extractable residues. The extracted soil containing non-extractable residues was mixed with clean soil that had been freshly spiked with non-labeled Dicamba at 0.2 mg kg(-1) to increase the bulk volume of the soil and stimulate microbial activity. Sub-samples were then introduced into microcosms to compare the extent of microbially facilitated release and mineralisation with release rates in sterile microcosms. The results show that microorganisms play a significant role in the formation and release of non-extractable Dicamba residues. The release of C-14-activity in sterile microcosms was linked to physical mixing of the extracted soil with field soil prior to the beginning of the incubations. The released C-14-activity may be further mineralized, reincorporated into humus, or taken up by plants or other soil inhabiting biota. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Environmental Pollution|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||pesticides ; non-extractable residues ; microbial activity ; extractability|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre|
|Deposited By:||Prof Kirk T. Semple|
|Deposited On:||27 Oct 2008 10:47|
|Last Modified:||07 Jan 2015 13:03|
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