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Effect of cyclodextrin and transformer oil amendments on the chemical extractability of aged [C-14]polychlorinated biphenyl and [C-14]polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon residues in soil.

Doick, Keiron J. and Burauel, Peter and Jones, Kevin C. and Semple, Kirk T. (2005) Effect of cyclodextrin and transformer oil amendments on the chemical extractability of aged [C-14]polychlorinated biphenyl and [C-14]polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon residues in soil. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24 (9). pp. 2138-2144. ISSN 0730-7268

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Abstract

Sequestration of hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) in soils limits chemical and biological availability. Concerns exist regarding the long-term stability of sequestered contaminants in the environment, and stability needs to be demonstrated if bioavailability considerations are to be adopted into the risk assessment and remediation of contaminated land. The aim of the present study was to test the short-term influence of two organic amendments on the chemical extractability of HOC residues that had been present in soils for more than 12 years. The amendments investigated were cyclodextrin and transformer oil (a light, nonaqueous phase liquid [LNAPL]). The contaminants investigated were fluoranthene and benzo[a]pyrene in one soil and the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) 28 and 52 in a second soil. The addition of cyclodextrin to the soils did not result in a significant increase in chemical extractability of the residues after a 36-d contact time. The addition of transformer oil resulted in an increase in chemical extractability of the PCBs after a 14-d soil-LNAPL contact time and a further increase after a 36-d contact time. The present study demonstrates that the chemical availability of aged HOCs in soil may be influenced by the presence of other chemicals and has implications for the long-term management of contaminated land.}

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: non-aqueous phase liquids ; aging ; contaminated land ; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ; polychlorinated biphenyls
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 18544
Deposited By: Prof Kirk T. Semple
Deposited On: 27 Oct 2008 11:34
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2013 16:18
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/18544

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