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Psychiatric symptoms in adults with learning disability and challenging behaviour.

Moss, Steve and Emerson, Eric and Kiernan, Chris and Turner, Steve and Hatton, Chris and Alborz, Alison (2000) Psychiatric symptoms in adults with learning disability and challenging behaviour. British Journal of Psychiatry, 177 (5). pp. 452-456. ISSN 1472-1465

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Abstract

Background In people with learning disability one of the most frequent reasons for psychiatric referral is challenging behaviour. Aims To determine what proportion of people with challenging behaviour actually have psychiatric symptoms. Method Using an instrument specifically designed for use by informants, a sample of 320 people with administratively defined learning disability, with and without challenging behaviour, was surveyed for the presence of psychiatric symptoms. Results Increasing severity of challenging behaviour was associated with increased prevalence of psychiatric symptoms, depression showing the most marked association. Anxiety symptoms were associated with the presence of self-injurious behaviour. Conclusions There is clearly the potential for reducing challenging behaviour by improved identification and treatment of coexisting psychiatric disorders. The possibility of modifying diagnostic criteria for depression in people with learning disability, by including aspects of challenging behaviour, merits attention.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: British Journal of Psychiatry
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 14410
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 17 Oct 2008 09:37
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:14
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/14410

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