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Landscape conflicts: preferences, identities and rights.

O'Neill, John and Walsh, Mary (2000) Landscape conflicts: preferences, identities and rights. Landscape Ecology, 15 (3). pp. 281-289. ISSN 1572-9761

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Abstract

Landscapes are public environments in which different communities and individuals dwell and which matter to them in ways which are not always consistent. As such they are open to strong conflicts about what the future of landscapes ought to be and who has an entitlement to involvement in a decision about that future. How should such conflicts be resolved? One influential approach is that embodied in the practice of cost-benefit analysis: the strength of preferences for different landscapes is measured by individuals' willingness to pay and the potential Pareto improvement efficiency criterion is employed as a rule of choice. This paper contends that this approach is flawed. It examines an economic valuation study of landscapes in the Yorkshire Dales. Drawing on interviews with farmers in the Dales and on in-depth discussion groups with respondents to other economic valuation studies, it argues that landscape conflicts involve issues of identity that cannot be captured in terms of preference satisfaction and conflicts of perceived rights which could not in principle be resolved by cost-benefit analysis.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Landscape Ecology
Uncontrolled Keywords: contingent valuation - identity - landscape valuation - property rights
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Politics & International Relations (Merged into PPR 2010-08-01)
ID Code: 14388
Deposited By: Mrs Yaling Zhang
Deposited On: 16 Oct 2008 16:08
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:14
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/14388

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