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Socially valid outcomes of intervention for people with mental retardation and challenging behaviour : a preliminary descrptive analysis of the views of different stakeholders.

Fox, Peter and Emerson, Eric (2001) Socially valid outcomes of intervention for people with mental retardation and challenging behaviour : a preliminary descrptive analysis of the views of different stakeholders. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 3 (3). pp. 183-189.

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Abstract

Potentially salient outcomes of intervention for challenging behavior shown by people with mental retardation (MR) were identified by focus groups and through a literature review. Items generated by this process were subsequently rated by 150 respondents from seven stakeholder groups: 28 people with MR, 9 parents of people with MR, 22 clinical psychologists, 7 psychiatrists, 31 nurses, 33 managers, and 20 direct support workers. Results indicated that reduction in the severity of challenging behavior was considered the most important outcome of intervention for a child/young adult living with his or her family by four of the seven stakeholder groups; reduction in the severity of challenging behavior was considered the most important outcome of intervention for an adult living in a community-based group home by three of the seven stakeholder groups; alternative outcomes considered to be the most important by stakeholder groups included increased friendships and relationships, changes in the perceptions of individuals by others, learning of alternative ways of getting needs met, increased control, and empowerment; there were moderate levels of agreement on the relative importance of outcomes between individual members of stakeholder groups who did not have MR; there were high levels of agreement on the relative importance of outcomes between stakeholder groups of people who did not have MR; and levels of agreement on the relative importance of outcomes between people with MR and members of all other stakeholder groups did not reach the level of statistical significance.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 13541
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 24 Sep 2008 14:58
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:09
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/13541

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