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Pressure changes associated with the ascent and bursting of gas slugs in liquid-filled vertical and inclined conduits.

James, M. R. and Lane, Stephen and Chouet, B and Gilbert, J. S. (2004) Pressure changes associated with the ascent and bursting of gas slugs in liquid-filled vertical and inclined conduits. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 129 (1-3). pp. 61-82. ISSN 0377-0273

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Abstract

At basaltic volcanoes, the sources of long-period and very-long-period seismicity and acoustic signals are frequently described in terms of fluid dynamic processes, in particular the formation and ascent of gas slugs within the magma column and their bursting at the surface. To investigate pressure changes associated with these processes, two-phase flow experiments have been carried out in vertical and inclined pipes with both single gas slugs and a continuously supplied gas phase. The ascent of individual gas slugs is accompanied by strong dynamic pressure variations resulting from the flow of liquid around the slug. These dynamic transients generate sub-static pressures below the ascending slug in viscosity-controlled systems, and produce super-static pressures when the slug reaches the surface and motion ceases in inertia-dominated systems. Conduit inclination promotes a change of regime from bubbly to slug flow and favours an increase in size and velocity of the slugs at the expense of their frequency of occurrence during continuously supplied two-phase flow. The experimental pressure data support previous theoretical analyses of oscillatory sources in ascending slugs as the slugs approach the surface and burst. Pressure oscillations are also observed during the release of gas slugs and in their wake region.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Uncontrolled Keywords: Strombolian-type eruptions ; very-long-period seismicity ; slug flow ; pressure oscillations
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 13237
Deposited By: Dr Steve Lane
Deposited On: 09 Sep 2008 16:44
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 20:20
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/13237

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