Duffy, Cormac and Roedig, Utz and Herbert, John and Sreenan, Cormac J. (2007) Improving the Energy Efficiency of the MANTIS Kernel. In: EWSN'07 Proceedings of the 4th European conference on Wireless sensor networks. UNSPECIFIED, pp. 261-276. ISBN 978-3-540-69829-6
Event-driven operating systems such as TinyOS are the preferred choice for wireless sensor networks. Alternative designs following a classical multi-threaded approach are also available. A popular implementation of such a multi-threaded sensor network operating system is MANTIS. The event-based TinyOS is more energy efficient than the multi-threaded MANTIS system. However, MANTIS is more capable than TinyOS of supporting time critical tasks as task preemption is supported. Thus, timeliness can be traded for energy efficiency by choosing the appropriate operating system. In this paper we present a MANTIS kernel modification that enables MANTIS to be as power efficient as TinyOS. Results from an experimental analysis demonstrate that the modified MANTIS can be used to fit both sensor network design goals of energy efficiency and timeliness.
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