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Long Term Variations in Orographic Rainfall: Analysis and Implications for Upland Catchments.

Malby, A. R. and Whyatt, J. Duncan and Timmis, R. J. and Wilby, R. L. and Orr, H. G. (2007) Long Term Variations in Orographic Rainfall: Analysis and Implications for Upland Catchments. Hydrological Sciences - Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques, 52 (2). pp. 276-291. ISSN 0262-6667

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Abstract

Climatic changes could alter the frequency and magnitude of rainfall events and the distribution of rainfall with altitude, with important consequences for management of aquatic ecosystems, water resources and flood risk. This study investigates changes in observed rainfall amounts across a range of altitudes in the Lake District region, northwest England, and spatial and temporal changes to the orographic “rainshadow” effect. Between the 1970s and 1990s there have been marked changes to the seasonality of precipitation, such that winters have become wetter, and increasingly dominated by heavy precipitation events. The intensity of these events has increased most markedly at higherelevation sites. Such changes could hinder recovery of sensitive upland sites from acidification and increase the risk of downstream flooding. An inter-decadal weakening of the region's rainshadow suggests a greater proportion of winter precipitation crosses the high-elevation Lake District dome. This is linked to changes in the frequency and character of wet weather patterns.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Hydrological Sciences - Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate change ; Lake District ; England ; Lamb weather types ; rainshadow
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code: 11335
Deposited By: Dr Duncan Whyatt
Deposited On: 13 Aug 2008 15:26
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2013 17:33
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/11335

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