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From cards to code : how extreme programming re-embodies programming as a collective practice.

Mackenzie, Adrian and Monk, Simon (2004) From cards to code : how extreme programming re-embodies programming as a collective practice. Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), 13 (1). pp. 91-117. ISSN 0925-9724

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Abstract

This paper discusses Extreme Programming (XP), a relatively new and increasingly popular ‘user-centred’ software design approach. Extreme Programming proposes that collaborative software development should be centred on the practices of programming. That proposal contrasts strongly with more heavily instrumented, formalised and centrally managed software engineering methodologies. The paper maps the interactions of an Extreme Programming team involved in building a commercial organisational knowledge management system. Using ethnographic techniques, it analyses how this particular style of software development developed in a given locality, and how it uniquely hybridised documents, conversations, software tools and office layout in that locality. It examines some of the many artifices, devices, techniques and talk that come together as a complicated contemporary software system is produced. It argues that XP's emphasis on programming as the core activity and governing metaphor can only be understood in relation to competing overtly formal software engineering approaches and the organisational framing of software development. XP, it suggests, gains traction by re-embodying the habits of programming as a collective practice.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)
Uncontrolled Keywords: co-ordination work - ethnography - extreme programming - software development techniques - user-centred design
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Computing & Communications
Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Lancaster Institute for the Contemporary Arts
Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Sociology
ID Code: 11274
Deposited By: Mrs Karen Gerrard
Deposited On: 06 Aug 2008 13:44
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 14:59
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/11274

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