Stupple, Edward J. N. and Ball, Linden J. (2005) An Inspection-Time Analysis of Figural Effects and Processing Direction in Syllogistic Reasoning. In: Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Sheridan Printing, Alpha, New Jersey.Full text not available from this repository.
Two experiments are reported that tested core assumptions of the mental models theory of syllogistic inference (e.g., Johnson-Laird & Byrne, 1991) by examining inspection times for syllogistic components. Results supported mental models predictions of: (1) increased cognitive load across syllogistic figures, with differences in processing demand arising for BA-CB versus AB-BC problems for both conclusionevaluation and conclusion-production tasks; and (2) conclusion-order preferences across figures – again in both the evaluation and the production paradigms. These findings challenge views of figural biases as being confined to conclusion-production tasks (Geurts, 2003; Rips, 1994) and theories that reject the assumption of figure-induced cognitive load (Chater & Oaksford, 1999). Since figural effects are typically viewed as being indicative of premise-driven processing, these results are also inconsistent with proposals that premise-driven processing prevails in conclusionproduction, and conclusion-driven processing dominates in conclusion-evaluation (Morley, Evans, & Handley, 2004). The results also clarify the role of processing demands associated with conclusion validity: Valid conclusions were scrutinised less than invalid ones in the evaluation paradigm (as predicted by Hardman & Payne, 1995), supporting the notion that invalid syllogisms have at least two mental models. Although our specific results are not entirely consistent with recent models-based proposals, our basic findings remain broadly compatible with a models approach rather than alternative theoretical positions.
|Item Type:||Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Syllogistic reasoning ; figural effects ; processing direction ; mental models ; strategies ; inspection times.|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology|
|Deposited By:||Dr Linden J. Ball|
|Deposited On:||01 Aug 2008 11:45|
|Last Modified:||13 Jan 2016 17:26|
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