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Figural Effects in a Syllogistic Evaluation Paradigm: An Inspection-Time Analysis.

Stupple, Edward J. N. and Ball, Linden J. (2007) Figural Effects in a Syllogistic Evaluation Paradigm: An Inspection-Time Analysis. Experimental Psychology, 54 (2). pp. 120-127. ISSN 1618-3169

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Abstract

Robust biases have been found in syllogistic reasoning that relate to the figure of premises and to the directionality of terms in given conclusions. Mental models theorists (e.g., Johnson-Laird & Byrne, 1991) have explained figural bias by assuming that reasoners can more readily form integrated models of premises when their middle terms are contiguous than when they are not. Biases associated with the direction of conclusion terms have been interpreted as reflecting a natural mode of reading off conclusions from models according to a “first-in, first-out principle”. We report an experiment investigating the impact of systematic figural and conclusion-direction manipulations on the processing effort directed at syllogistic components, as indexed through a novel inspection-time method. The study yielded reliable support for mentalmodels predictions concerning the nature and locus of figural and directionality effects in syllogistic reasoning. We argue that other accounts of syllogistic reasoning seem less able to accommodate the full breadth of inspection-time findings observed.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Experimental Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Syllogistic reasoning ; figural effects ; processing direction ; inspection-time analysis ; mental models ; reasoning strategies
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 11113
Deposited By: Dr Linden J. Ball
Deposited On: 01 Aug 2008 11:11
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2016 01:11
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/11113

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