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Belief-Logic Conflict Resolution in Syllogistic Reasoning: Inspection-Time Evidence for a Parallel-Process Model

Stupple, Edward J. N. and Ball, Linden J. (2008) Belief-Logic Conflict Resolution in Syllogistic Reasoning: Inspection-Time Evidence for a Parallel-Process Model. Thinking and Reasoning, 14 (2). pp. 168-181. ISSN 1354-6783

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    Abstract

    An experiment is reported examining dual-process models of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning using a problem complexity manipulation and an inspection-time method to monitor processing latencies for premises and conclusions. Endorsement rates indicated increased belief-bias on complex problems, a finding that runs counter to the “belief-first” selective scrutiny model, but which is consistent with other theories, including “reasoning first” and “parallel-process” models. Inspection-time data revealed a number of effects that, again, arbitrated against the selective scrutiny model. The most striking inspection-time result was an interaction between logic and belief on premise processing times, whereby belief-logic conflict problems promoted increased latencies relative to non-conflict problems. This finding challenges belieffirst and reasoning-first models, but is directly predicted by parallel-process models, which assume that the outputs of simultaneous heuristic and analytic processing streams lead to an awareness of belief-logic conflicts than then require timeconsuming resolution.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Thinking and Reasoning
    Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Thinking & Reasoning, 14 (2), 2008, © Informa Plc
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Belief bias ; Dual process theories ; Syllogistic reasoning ; Inspection time analysis ; Parallel process models
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
    ID Code: 11111
    Deposited By: Dr Linden J. Ball
    Deposited On: 01 Aug 2008 10:13
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 24 Oct 2013 10:31
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/11111

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