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The Dose Rate of UVA Treatment Influences the Cellular Response of HaCaT Keratinocytes.

Shorrocks, Julie and Paul, Nigel D. and McMillan, Trevor J. (2008) The Dose Rate of UVA Treatment Influences the Cellular Response of HaCaT Keratinocytes. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 128 (3). pp. 685-693. ISSN 0022-202X

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Abstract

The contribution of UV exposure to the etiology of skin cancer and photoaging is undisputed. However, the effect of altering the intensity or dose rate of UV, which varies considerably with geographical location, the time of day or year, and the use of sunscreens, is not understood. In this study, the effect of altering the dose rate of UVA was investigated in the immortalized human keratinocyte cell line, HaCaT. Lowering the dose rate of UVA resulted in increased cytotoxicity, which correlated with increases in both lipid peroxidation and DNA damage. Furthermore, exposure at low dose rate did not appear to reduce the ability of UVA to induce the phenomenon of persistent genomic instability. Pretreatment with the antioxidant vitamin E significantly protected against UVA dose-rate effects observed with respect to lipid peroxidation and survival. Additionally, cell populations irradiated at low dose rate exhibited a shift towards a more pro-oxidant state. Taken together, these observations suggest an oxidative stress mechanism is underlying the UVA dose-rate effect. This study demonstrates that dose rates must be included as a key factor when evaluating the biological effects of UVA, especially considering the concerns, which exist regarding the efficacy and photostability of sunscreens to UVA.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
VC's Office
ID Code: 11052
Deposited By: Professor Trevor McMillan
Deposited On: 30 Jul 2008 14:29
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2014 14:00
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/11052

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