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Elevated glutathione biosynthetic capacity in the chloroplasts of transgenic tobacco plants paradoxically causes increased oxidative stress.

Criessen, Gary P. and Firmin, John and Fryer, Michael and Kular, Baldeep and Leyland, Nicola and Reynolds, Helen and Pastori, Gabriela and Wellburn, Florence A. M. and Baker, Neil and Wellburn, Alan R. and Mullineaux, Philip (1999) Elevated glutathione biosynthetic capacity in the chloroplasts of transgenic tobacco plants paradoxically causes increased oxidative stress. Plant Cell, 11 (7). pp. 1277-1291. ISSN 1040-4651

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Abstract

Glutathione (GSH), a major antioxidant in most aerobic organisms, is perceived to be particularly important in plant chloroplasts because it helps to protect the photosynthetic apparatus from oxidative damage. In transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing a chloroplast-targeted -glutamylcysteine synthetase (-ECS), foliar levels of GSH were raised threefold. Paradoxically, increased GSH biosynthetic capacity in the chloroplast resulted in greatly enhanced oxidative stress, which was manifested as light intensity–dependent chlorosis or necrosis. This phenotype was associated with foliar pools of both GSH and -glutamylcysteine (the immediate precursor to GSH) being in a more oxidized state. Further manipulations of both the content and redox state of the foliar thiol pools were achieved using hybrid transgenic plants with enhanced glutathione synthetase or glutathione reductase activity in addition to elevated levels of -ECS. Given the results of these experiments, we suggest that -ECS–transformed plants suffered continuous oxidative damage caused by a failure of the redox-sensing process in the chloroplast.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Plant Cell
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 10929
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 28 Jul 2008 10:10
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2013 16:00
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10929

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