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Nocturnal pollination of Parkia velutina by Megalopta bees in Amazonia and its possible significance in the evolution of chiropterophily.

Hopkins, M. J. G. and Fortune Hopkins, H. C. and Sothers, C. A. (2000) Nocturnal pollination of Parkia velutina by Megalopta bees in Amazonia and its possible significance in the evolution of chiropterophily. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 16 (5). pp. 733-746. ISSN 0266-4674

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    Abstract

    Canopy observations of the rain forest tree Parkia velutina (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Amazonian Brazil indicate that it is pollinated by night-flying bees. The small red flowers are organized into spherical heads; they open in the late afternoon and attract Megalopta bees (Halictidae: Augochlorini) which forage for pollen after dark. In contrast to the numerous bat-pollinated species of Parkia, no nectar was detected. Nocturnal melittophily is proposed as a possible intermediate stage in the evolution of chiropterophily from diurnal entomophily in Parkia.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Tropical Ecology
    Additional Information: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=TRO The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of Tropical Ecology, 16 (5), pp 733-746 2000, © 2000 Cambridge University Press.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Amazonia ; Augochlorini ; bat-pollination ; bee-pollination ; Halictidae ; Leguminosae ; Megalopta ; melittophily ; Parkia ; nocturnal pollination.
    Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
    Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Sociology
    ID Code: 10865
    Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
    Deposited On: 25 Jul 2008 13:18
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 18 Sep 2013 15:59
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10865

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