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Foot and Mouth Epidemic Reduces Cases of Human Cryptosporidiosis in Scotland.

Strachan, Norval J. C. and Ogden, Iain D. and Smith-Palmer, Alison and Jones, Keith (2003) Foot and Mouth Epidemic Reduces Cases of Human Cryptosporidiosis in Scotland. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 188 (5). pp. 783-786. ISSN 0022-1899

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    Abstract

    In Scotland, rates of cryptosporidiosis infection in humans peak during the spring, a peak that is coincident with the peak in rates of infection in farm animals (during lambing and calving time). Here we show that, during the outbreak of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in 2001, there was a significant reduction in human cases of cryptosporidiosis infection in southern Scotland, where FMD was present, whereas, in the rest of Scotland, there was a reduction in cases that was not significant. We associate the reduction in human cases of cryptosporidiosis infection with the reduction in the number of young farm animals, together with restrictions on movement of both farm animals and humans, during the outbreak of FMD in 2001. We further show that, during 2002, there was recovery in the rate of cryptosporidiosis infection in humans throughout Scotland, particularly in the FMD-infected area, but that rates of infection remained lower, though not significantly, than pre-2001 levels.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Infectious Diseases
    Additional Information: Copyright © 2003. University of Chicago Press
    Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
    ID Code: 10440
    Deposited By: Dr Keith Jones
    Deposited On: 14 Jul 2008 16:57
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 10:51
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10440

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