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Large-vertebrate assemblages of primary and secondary forests in the Brazilian Amazon.

Parry, Luke and Barlow, Jos and Peres, Carlos A. (2007) Large-vertebrate assemblages of primary and secondary forests in the Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 653-662. ISSN 0266-4674

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    Abstract

    Secondary forests account for 40% of all tropical forests yet little is known regarding their suitability as habitat for diurnal large mammals and game birds. This is especially so for second-growth that develops on large areas of degraded land. We address this by investigating assemblages of large-bodied birds and mammals in extensive patches of secondary forest in the Jarí region of the north-eastern Brazilian Amazon, comparing species richness and abundance against that of adjacent undisturbed primary forests. We conducted 184 km of line-transect censuses over a period of 3 mo, and found that although primary and secondary forests held a similar abundance of large vertebrates, the species composition was very different. Secondary forests supported a high abundance of ungulate browsers (0.85 vs 0.44 indiv. per 10 km) and smaller-bodied primates (15.6 vs 4.6 indiv. per 10 km) compared with primary forests. However, large prehensile-tailed primates were absent (black spider monkey Ateles paniscus) or at very low abundance (Guyanan red howler monkey Alouatta macconelli) in secondary forest. The abundance of large frugivorous/granivorous birds was also low in secondary forests compared with primary forests (22.6 vs 37.1 individuals per 10 km, respectively). Faunal assemblages appear to reflect food resource availability. Concurrent vegetation surveys indicated that secondary forests had high levels of terrestrial and understorey browse. Fruit production was largely restricted to pioneer trees such as Bellucia and Inga spp. Although these regenerating forests were an important habitat for large mammals and birds, they were limited in terms of faunal richness, particularly dispersers of large-seeded plants.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Tropical Ecology
    Additional Information: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=TRO The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal of Tropical Ecology, 23 (6), pp 653-662 2007, © 2007 Cambridge University Press.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Amazon ; frugivory ; herbivory ; large mammals ; regeneration ; secondary forest.
    Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
    ID Code: 10355
    Deposited By: Dr Jos Barlow
    Deposited On: 14 Jul 2008 08:51
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 10:50
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10355

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