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Influence of resource unit distribution and quality on the activity of soil fungi in a particulate medium.

Griffith, Gwyn S. and Bardgett, Richard D. (2000) Influence of resource unit distribution and quality on the activity of soil fungi in a particulate medium. New Phytologist, 148 (1). pp. 143-151. ISSN 0028-646X

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Abstract

Experiments were set up to assess the relative impacts of grass lamina fragment density, size and quality on the activity and growth of four fungi in a particulate soil-like matrix. The fungi studied were Cladosporium cladosporioides, Fusarium lateritium, Phoma exigua and Trichoderma viride, all of which are common inhabitants of UK upland grassland soils. Resource quality was varied by using three contrasting grasses as sources of lamina fragments: Lolium perenne, Agrostis capillaris and Nardus stricta. All the fungi were able to forage effectively through the soil-like matrix (at a rate of 1–2 ml matrix d−1) and colonize and partially decompose available lamina fragments (up to 40% d. wt loss). Foraging rates (ml matrix d−1) were affected by lamina fragment species but not by fragment density or size. In general, F. lateritium and T. viride foraged at a faster rate than the other species. Mycelial activity in the soil-like matrix was directly proportional to total lamina fragment availability and was unaffected by fragment size. Biomass production on solid media was also directly related to substrate (carbohydrate) availability. The results indicate that these fungi can adjust their growth patterns in response to fragment density so as to maximize foraging efficiency (energy acquired per unit exploratory biomass production). Differences in lamina fragment species were responsible for up to 50% reduction in mycelial activity.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: New Phytologist
Uncontrolled Keywords: soil fungi and upland grasslands • Nardus • Agrostis • Lolium • Cladosporium • Fusarium • Trichoderma • Phoma
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 10309
Deposited By: Prof Richard Bardgett
Deposited On: 10 Jul 2008 16:37
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 10:49
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10309

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