Wardle, David A. and Bardgett, Richard D. (2004) Human-induced changes in densities of large herbivorous mammals : consequences for the decomposer subsystem. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2 (3). pp. 145-153. ISSN 1540-9295Full text not available from this repository.
Work on the impacts of herbivores on ecosystems has traditionally focused on aboveground effects, but a growing number of ecologists are beginning to consider how herbivores affect belowground organisms and processes. Human activity has caused considerable changes in densities of mammalian herbivores throughout the world, through the introduction of herbivores to new regions, the creation of conditions that promote high herbivore densities, and the reduction of their population sizes, sometimes to the point of extinction. These human influences on high mammal densities can have major effects on the decomposer subsystem. Whether these effects are positive or negative depends on the mechanisms involved: for example, whether the changes are in the quantity or quality of the decomposers' resources or in the pathway of vegetation succession. In turn, these belowground effects may influence aboveground biota by altering the supply of available nutrients from the soil. Changes in large mammal densities through human activity may represent an important, though frequently underappreciated, element of global change.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre|
|Deposited By:||Prof Richard Bardgett|
|Deposited On:||10 Jul 2008 16:50|
|Last Modified:||09 Feb 2016 00:00|
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