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Combined EISCAT radar and optical multispectral and tomographic observations of black aurora

Gustavsson, B. and Kosch, Mike J. and Senior, Andrew and Kavanagh, Andrew J. and Brändström, B. U. E. and Blixt, E. M. (2008) Combined EISCAT radar and optical multispectral and tomographic observations of black aurora. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (A06308). ISSN 0148-0227

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Abstract

Black auroras are recognized as spatially well-defined regions within a uniform diffuse auroral background where the optical emission is significantly reduced. Black auroras typically appear post-magnetic midnight and during the substorm recovery phase, but not exclusively so. We report on the first combined multimonochromatic optical imaging, bistatic white-light TV recordings and incoherent scatter radar observations of black aurora by EISCAT of the phenomenon. From the relatively larger reduction in luminosity at 4278 Å than at 8446 Å we show that nonsheared black auroras are most probably not caused by downward directed electrical fields at low altitude. From the observations, we determine this by relating the height and intensity of the black aurora to precipitating particle energy within the surrounding background diffuse aurora. The observations are more consistent with an energy selective loss cone. Hence the mechanism causing black aurora is most probably active in the magnetosphere rather than close to Earth.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Geophysical Research
Additional Information: Copyright (2008) American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted
Uncontrolled Keywords: eiscat DCS-publications-id ; art-920 ; DCS-publications-credits ; dasi ; iono ; DCS-publications-personnel-id ; 193 ; 7 ; 51 ; 9
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Computing & Communications
Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
ID Code: 10192
Deposited By: Dr Steve Marple
Deposited On: 09 Jul 2008 09:39
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2017 01:32
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10192

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