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Spontaneous analogising in engineering design: a comparative analysis of experts and novices.

Ball, Linden J. and Ormerod, Thomas C. and Morley, Nicola J. (2004) Spontaneous analogising in engineering design: a comparative analysis of experts and novices. Design Studies, 25 (5). pp. 495-508. ISSN 0142-694X

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Abstract

Although analogical reasoning is claimed to play a central role in creative cognition and the development of expertise, few studies have explored the nature and prevalence of spontaneous analogising in design contexts. We report an experimental comparison of analogy use by expert and novice design engineers. Concurrent think-aloud protocols were analysed to derive measures of the rate of schema-driven analogising (i.e., the recognitionprimed application of abstract experiential knowledge that could afford a design solution to a familiar problem type), and case-driven analogising (i.e., the invocation of a concrete prior design problem whose solution elements could be mapped onto the current problem). Results supported our prediction that expert designers would demonstrate more schema-driven than case-driven analogising, whilst novices would show the reverse pattern of analogising. We discuss the implications of these results for theories of design cognition and expert design practice.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Design Studies
Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Design Studies 25 (5), 2004, © ELSEVIER.
Uncontrolled Keywords: design cognition ; engineering design ; analogical reasoning ; case based reasoning ; protocol analysis
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 10169
Deposited By: Prof Tom Ormerod
Deposited On: 15 Jul 2008 11:45
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2016 01:07
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10169

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