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Visual distinctiveness and the development of children's false memories

Howe, Mark L. (2008) Visual distinctiveness and the development of children's false memories. Child Development, 79 (1). pp. 65-79. ISSN 0009-3920

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Abstract

Distinctiveness effects in children's (5-, 7-, and 11-year-olds) false memory illusions were examined using visual materials. In Experiment 1, developmental trends (increasing false memories with age) were obtained using Deese-Roediger-McDermott lists presented as words and color photographs but not line drawings. In Experiment 2, when items were photographed with heterogeneous colored backgrounds, developmental trends were eliminated relative to words and homogeneous backgrounds. Experiments 3 and 4 examined whether the conceptual nature of the background mattered and presented items in neutral (color only), theme-congruent, or theme-incongruent contexts. The results showed that the nature of the context did not matter, only whether the backgrounds were homogeneous or heterogeneous. Apparently, children use distinctive perceptual, but not conceptual, features to attenuate false memory illusions.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Child Development
Uncontrolled Keywords: EVENT PLAUSIBILITY ; CHILDHOOD MEMORIES ; RECALL ; ADULTS ; RECOGNITION ; PICTURES ; SCENES ; WORDS ; LISTS ; NORMS
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 10135
Deposited By: Prof Mark L. Howe
Deposited On: 07 Jul 2008 14:53
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 20:17
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10135

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