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Development of false memories in bilingual children and adults.

Howe, Mark L. and Gagnon, Nadine and Thouas, Lisa (2008) Development of false memories in bilingual children and adults. Journal of Memory and Language, 58 (3). pp. 669-681. ISSN 0749-596X

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Abstract

The effects of within- versus between-languages (English–French) study and test on rates of bilingual children’s and adults’ true and false memories were examined. Children aged 6 through 12 and university-aged adults participated in a standard Deese–Roediger–McDermott false memory task using free recall and recognition. Recall results showed that: (1) both true and false memories increased with age, (2) true recall was higher in within- than between-languages conditions for all ages, and (3) there were fewer false memories in between-languages conditions than within-language conditions for the youngest children, no differences for the 8 and 12 years old, and by adulthood, there were more false memories in between-languages than within-language conditions. Recognition results showed that regardless of age, false recognition rates tended to be higher in between-languages than within-language conditions. These findings are discussed in the context of models of false memory development.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Memory and Language
Uncontrolled Keywords: DRM paradigm ; false memories ; bilingual memory ; memory development ; children's false memory ; ASSOCIATIVE INFORMATION ; NONCONSCIOUS PROCESSES ; WORDS ; REPRESENTATION ; TRANSLATION ; MEDIATION ; LANGUAGES ; ILLUSION ; RECALL ; LISTS
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 10134
Deposited By: Prof Mark L. Howe
Deposited On: 07 Jul 2008 14:45
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 14:44
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10134

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