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Comparison of rosuvastatin versus atorvastatin in patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia.

Stein, Evan A. and Strutt, Kristina and Southworth, Harry and Diggle, Peter J. and Miller, Elinor (2003) Comparison of rosuvastatin versus atorvastatin in patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. The American Journal of Cardiology, 92 (11). pp. 1287-1293. ISSN 0002-9149

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Abstract

Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HFH) is a common genetic disorder that confers a significantly increased risk of early coronary artery disease. This study compared atorvastatin and rosuvastatin in reducing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in HFH in a global, 18-week, weighted-randomization, double-blind, parallel-group, forced-titration study. Following a 6-week diet lead-in, 623 patients were randomized to 20 mg/day of atorvastatin (n = 187) or rosuvastatin (n = 436) with forced titration at 6-week intervals to 80 mg/day. The primary end point was percentage change in LDL cholesterol from baseline to week 18. At week 18, rosuvastatin therapy produced a significantly greater reduction in LDL cholesterol than atorvastatin (−57.9% vs −50.4%; p <0.001) and a significantly greater increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (12.4% vs 2.9%; p <0.001). Rosuvastatin also produced significantly greater reductions in apolipoprotein-B and all 4 major lipid ratios, as well as a significantly greater increases in apolipoprotein A-I (all p <0.001). More patients with HFH with coronary artery disease achieved the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III goal of LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dl (<2.6 mmol/L) on rosuvastatin 40 and 80 mg than atorvastatin 80 mg (17%, 24%, and 4.5%, respectively). High-sensitivity C-reactive protein median values were reduced by 33% to 34% in both the 80-mg rosuvastatin- and atorvastatin-treated groups. Both treatments were well tolerated. Thus, in HFH, rosuvastatin force titrated from 20 to 80 mg/day produced significantly greater reductions than atorvastatin 20 to 80 mg/day in LDL cholesterol and improvements in HDL cholesterol and other lipid parameters, and enabled more patients to achieve LDL cholesterol goals.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: The American Journal of Cardiology
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
VC's Office
ID Code: 10030
Deposited By: Mrs Yaling Zhang
Deposited On: 26 Jun 2008 11:32
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 14:42
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/10030

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